BAD BREATH - HALITOSIS CAUSES AND TREATMENT19 Mar,2018
Bad breath, also known as halitosis, is a symptom in which a noticeably unpleasant odor is present on the breath. It can result in anxiety among those affected. It is also associated with depression and symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder.
Concerns of bad breath may be divided into genuine and non-genuine cases. Of those who have genuine bad breath, about 85% of cases come from inside the mouth. The remaining cases are believed to be due to disorders in the nose, sinuses, throat, lungs, esophagus, or stomach. Rarely, bad breath can be due to an underlying medical condition such as liver failure or ketoacidosis. Non-genuine cases occur when someone feels they have bad breath but someone else cannot detect it.
Causes of Bad Breath:
- Poor Dental Hygiene
- Oral Infection
- Respiratory Infections
- External Agents
- Dry mouth Xerostomia
- Systemic illness
- Certain Medications
Signs and Symptoms
Bad breath is when a noticeably unpleasant odor is believed to be present on the breath. It can result in anxiety among those affected. It is also associated with depression and symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder.
CAUSES OF BAD BREATH
Most of the bad breath starts in your mouth and the causes are:-
1. Stinky Food Particles like Garlic and Onion
The smell of a freshly smoked cigarette can linger in the lungs for hours, hence the stale scent associated with smoker's breath. However, that's just the beginning. The chemicals in tobacco smoke can remain in the mouth, leading to a host of secondary causes of bad breath
3. Respiratory infection
Infections in the lungs, sinuses, or airways can also cause bad breath due to the presence of nasal secretions that may drain into the mouth. Chronic postnasal drip, for example, as occurs with sinus infections, can be a cause of bad breath. Coughing up sputum from lung infections can also cause bad breath.
5.Poor oral hygiene
The most common cause of bad breath is poor oral hygiene. Bacteria that build up on your teeth – particularly between them – as well as your tongue and gums, can produce unpleasant-smelling gases. These bacteria are also responsible for gum disease and tooth decay.
The medical condition dry mouth (also called xerostomia) also can cause bad breath. Saliva is necessary to moisten the mouth, neutralize acids produced by plaque, and wash away dead cells that accumulate on the tongue, gums, and cheeks. If not removed, these cells decompose and can cause bad breath.
Efforts may include physical or chemical means to decrease the numbers of bacteria, products to mask the smell, or chemicals to alter the odor creating molecules. It is recommended that those who use tobacco products stop. Evidence does not support the benefit of dietary changes or chewing gum.
Brushing the teeth may help, While there is tentative benefit from tongue cleaning
Deep cleaning of the tongue
Flossing may be useful
Antibacterial mouth rinses may help.[Mouthwashes often contain antibacterial agents including cetylpyridinium chloride, chlorhexidine, zinc gluconate, essential oils, hydrogen peroxide, and chlorine dioxide. Cetylpyridinium chloride and chlorhexidine can temporarily stain teeth.